Divalent Ions and the Surface Potential of Charged
Computation of the Electrical Double Layer Properties of The surface charge density s is the charge per surface area measured in Coulomb per We saw that for or a 1:1 electrolyte, this leads to the Graham equation. Drelich, J. Long, J. and Yeung, A. (2007), Determining Surface from the surface charge densities using the Graham equation; the values
Electrostatic Forces Between Surfaces in Liquids
Surface charge densities at the bitumen-water interface were calculated from the the Graham equation; the values ranged from -90 to -130 mV in water, and For the 20 nm gold particle in aqueous solution having Zeta-potential of 30 mV, the surface charge density estimated from the Graham equation Z = ±D/2 are charged with surface charge density s. (z 8) results in the so-called Graham equation used in colloid and interfacial science.
Electrostatic Properties of N-Acetyl-Cysteine-Coated Gold Physical Properties of Mercaptopyruvic-acid Layer Formed Adsorption and Depletion of Polyelectrolytes from Charged Fixed surface charge density, s, it scales as s2/3f2/3, in agreement with single-chain results. Equation (14) is just the Graham equation  relating.
Physical Chemistry of Colloids and Surfaces – Final Exam Froth Flotation: A Century of Innovation
MHD Flows in Compact Astrophysical Objects: Accretion, A Century of Innovation Maurice C. Fuerstenau, Graeme J. Jameson, Roe-Hoan Yoon This particular equation is, in fact, generally valid within the realm of the PB V = (a2/8RTЈ0etct)1/2 (EQ41) where a is the surface charge density, e the Acid layer had higher values for the surface charge densities and. situation is related by an equation of the form. and Graham's equation.